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Alabama Tenant Noncompliance or Failure to Pay Rent

The Alabama Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act provides various remedies for a landlord when a tenant fails to comply with a rental agreement or pay rent.

Noncompliance or Misrepresentation

Except as provided in the Alabama Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act, if there is a material noncompliance by the tenant with the rental agreement, an intentional misrepresentation of a material fact in a rental agreement or application, or noncompliance with the requirements under an Alabama Tenant’s Responsibility to Maintain Dwelling Unit which materially affects health and safety, the landlord may deliver a written notice to terminate the lease to the tenant specifying the acts and omissions constituting the breach and that the rental agreement will terminate upon a date not less than seven days after receipt of the notice. If the breach is not remedied within the seven days after receipt of the notice to terminate the lease, the rental agreement shall terminate on the date provided in the notice to terminate the lease unless the tenant adequately remedies the breach before the date specified in the notice, in which case the rental agreement shall not terminate.

Note: An intentional misrepresentation of a material fact in a rental agreement or application may not be remedied or cured. For example: If the tenant had a criminal record, but lied about it on a rental application, it would be an incurable offense and grounds for termination unless the landlord consents.

Failure to Pay Rent

If rent is unpaid when due, the landlord may deliver a written notice to terminate the lease to the tenant specifying the amount of rent and any late fees owed to remedy the breach and that the rental agreement will terminate upon a date not less than seven days after receipt of the notice. If the breach is not remedied within the seven days, the rental agreement shall terminate. If a noncompliance of rental agreement occurs under both subsection (a) and this subsection, the seven-day notice period to terminate the lease for nonpayment of rent in this subsection shall govern.

Damages, Attorney Fees, and Relief

Except as provided in the Alabama Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act, a landlord may recover actual damages and reasonable attorney fees and obtain injunctive relief for noncompliance by the tenant with the rental agreement or those requirements under an Alabama Tenant’s Responsibility to Maintain Dwelling Unit.

Noncurable Acts

Notwithstanding the Alabama Landlord and Tenant Act Definitions, no breach of any of the terms or obligations of the lease may be cured by a tenant more than four times in any 12-month period except by the express written consent of the landlord.

The following acts by a tenant or occupant shall constitute a noncurable default of the rental agreement, and in such cases the landlord may terminate the rental agreement upon a seven-day notice. The tenant shall have no right to remedy such a default unless the landlord consents. Such acts include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Possession or use of illegal drugs in the dwelling unit or in the common areas.
  • Discharge of a firearm on the premises of the rental property, except in cases of self-defense, defense of a third party, or as permissible in Section 13A-3-23 of the Alabama criminal code.
  • Criminal assault of a tenant or guest on the premises of the rental property, except in cases of self-defense, defense of a third party, or as permissible in Section 13A-3-23 of the Alabama criminal code.

Return to Alabama Landlord-Tenant Laws.